Conceptually speaking, enterprise architecture (EA) is the process of how organizations organize and standardize their IT infrastructure in alignment with their goals.
Are you having a hard time catching up with the fast-paced, ever-changing technological environment? Do you have customers looking for newer products to keep up with advancements in technology?
If you said yes to these questions, enterprise architecture might be the help you need. Don't worry; if you're unsure how it can help you, this article tackles the very basics of enterprise architecture.
Learn the basics of enterprise architecture and achieve your goals by implementing this helpful guide in your organization.
What Is Enterprise Architecture Governance?
Enterprise architecture (EA) governance is a system comprising the essential elements of business management. It includes strong leadership, a complete understanding of an organizational structure, knows where the organization is heading, and efficient IT processes for implementing enterprise procedures.
The Purpose of EA Governance
EA governance aims to create balance and harmony among enterprise architectural requirements, achieving a coherent set of policies, processes, procedures, and standards. This ensures that an organization’s mission, vision, standards, and goals align with existing business requirements.
EA governance plays an indispensable role in expanding and sustaining business approaches.
It's not rooted in academic discipline away from present reality, nor is it based on gamblings of what is currently happening and what is not.
Actually, it is an endless job that keeps up with the changing technology conditions where we are today.
Benefits of Having an Enterprise Architecture Governance Model
Through the help of an EA governance model, any operation can avoid costly expenses and achieve the following benefits:
- Clearer roles and responsibilities with management oversight
- Fast decision-making to defeat challenges through more inclusive transparency and accountability
- Architectural consistency with a streamlined compliance
- Pragmatic methods resulting in essential and useful enterprise architecture management
- Expansion of architecture business value throughout the enterprise
- Broader views of architectures in audiences that are new
- Appropriate delegation of architecture efforts to the proper activities
- Knowing strengths and weaknesses and discover actual best practices
Enterprise Architecture Governance Principles
The following are the central guiding principles for establishing successful EA governance:
- Commitment. Everyone involved will adhere to commitment and comply with agreed-upon procedures, policies, processes, and authority figures.
- Transparency. All decisions and actions will be subject to inspection by an authorized organization and provider partners.
- Liberation. Avoid or minimize conflicts of interests by setting all decision-making, processes, and mechanisms used,
- Accountability. All groups inside the organization — e.g., governance boards who implement actions or responsible for decision-making — can be held accountable for their actions.
- Responsibility. It is a requirement for a contracted party to be accountable and liable to the organization, including its stakeholders.
- Fairness. There must be fairness to all decisions made, processes used, and their implementation. There is no room for unjust advancement to any party.
Enterprise Architecture Governance Framework
A solid governance framework that is helpful for implementing and managing enterprise architecture is necessary for an organization to meet its EA goals. Without the framework, it would be impossible to maintain an enterprise architecture.
The governance framework to sustain enterprise architecture is composed of the following parts:
- Organizational Structure
- Roles and Responsibilities
What Is Architecture Governance?
Architecture governance is the method and orientation referring to the management and control of enterprise architectures and other architectures at an enterprise-wide level.
Levels of Governance Inside the Enterprise
Typically, architecture governance does not work on its own, but inside a hierarchy of governance structures, which, specifically in a larger enterprise, can involve all of the following as distinct domains with their own set of processes and disciplines.
- Corporate governance
- Architecture governance
- Technology governance
- IT governance
Each of the governance domains can exist at various geographic levels - global, regional, and local - inside the overall enterprise.
Architecture Governance Processes
A process refers to a sequence of events or operations using time, expertise, space, or other resources, which yield results.
EA governance processes are essential elements of the entire EA governance framework for the implementation of technology solutions.
The following are the five fundamental processes:
- Architecture Documentation Process
- Architecture Review Process
- Architecture Communication Process
- Architecture Compliance Process
- Architecture Framework Vitality Process
Be a Better Enterprise Architect with Enterprise Architecture
In a nutshell, it can be challenging to define enterprise architecture governance. Nevertheless, implementing the necessary steps and processes can increase productivity in your company. It can be an accessible and transparent roadmap and guide for everyone regardless of the department one belongs to.
Having the identical standardized guide for tools and processes to build projects leads to uniformity, sunk duplication, and technology alliance.